Direct Construction of Isomeric Benzobisoxazole-Vinylene-Linked Covalent Organic Frameworks with Distinct Photocatalytic Properties
Shengxu Li#, Rui Ma#, Shunqi Xu*, Tianyue Zheng, Guangen Fu, Yanling Wu, Zhongquan Liao, Yongbo Kuang, Yang Hou, Dashuai Wang, Petko Stoev Petkov, Kristina Simeonova, Xinliang Feng, Li-Zhu Wu, Xu-Bing Li*, and Tao Zhang*
J. Am. Chem. Soc, 2022, 144, 30, 13953
ABSTRACT: Vinylene/olefin-linked two-dimensional covalent organic frameworks (v-2D-COFs) have emerged as advanced semiconducting materials with excellent in-plane conjugation, high chemical stabilities, and precisely tunable electronic structures. Exploring new linkage chemistry for the reticular construction of v-2D-COFs remains in infancy and challenging. Herein, we present a solid-state benzobisoxazole-mediated aldol polycondensation reaction for the construction of two novel isomeric benzobisoxazole-bridged v-2D-COFs (v-2D-COF-NO1 and v-2D-COF-NO2) with trans and cis configurations of benzobisoxazole. Interestingly, the isomeric benzobisoxazole linkers endow the two v-2D-COFs with distinct optoelectronic and electrochemical properties, ranging from light absorption and emission to charge-transfer properties. When employed as the photocathode, v-2D-COF-NO1 exhibits a photocurrent of up to ∼18 μA/cm2 under AM 1.5G irradiation at −0.3 V vs reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE), which is twice the value of v-2D-COF-NO2 (∼9.1 μA/cm2). With Pt as a cocatalyst, v-2D-COF-NO1 demonstrates a photocatalytic hydrogen evolution rate of ∼1.97 mmol h–1 g–1, also in clear contrast to that of v-2D-COF-NO2 (∼0.86 mmol h–1 g–1) under identical conditions. This work demonstrates the synthesis of v-2D-COFs via benzobisoxazole-mediated aldol polycondensation with isomeric structures and distinct photocatalytic properties.